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超高强度钢300M 超高强度钢300M 超高强度钢300M

超高强度钢300M

超高强度钢300M

Chemistry Data : (化学成分)  
Carbon  0.38 - 0.46  
Chromium  0.7 - 0.95  
Iron  Balance  
Manganese  0.6 - 0.9  
Molybdenum  0.3 - 0.65  
Nickel  1.65 - 2  
Phosphorus  0.01 max  
Silicon  1.45 - 1.8  
Sulphur  0.01 max  
Vanadium  0.05 min  
物理特性
Physical Data :   
Density (lb / cu. in.)  0.283  
Specific Gravity  7.83  
Specific Heat (Btu/lb/Deg F - [32-212 Deg F])  0.116  
Melting Point (Deg F)  2590  
Thermal Conductivity  21  
Mean Coeff Thermal Expansion  6.6  
Modulus of Elasticity Tension  29  
Principal Design Features(主要特点)    300M is a low alloy, vacuum melted, steel of very high strength. Essentially it is a modified AISI 4340 steel with silicon, vanadium and slightly greater carbon and molybdenum content than 4340. 300M has a very good combination of strength (280 to 305 ksi), toughness, fatigue strength and good ductility. It is a through hardening alloy.  
  
Applications (应用范围)   Applications for 300M steel are those that require strength in the 290 - 300 ksi range, such as aircraft landing gear, high strength bolts and airframe parts.  

Machinability (加工性能)   Machining is best accomplished with the alloy in the normalized or normalized and tempered condition. Final machining to finish tolerances is done by grinding with care due the hardness of the heat treated alloy (Rockwell C 55). It is important to do a stress relief anneal at 550 F after finish grinding.  
  
Forming (成形性能)   Formability by conventional methods is good in the annealed condition. The alloy behaves much like AISI 4340 steel.  

Welding (焊接性能)   300M can be welded by fusion methods or by flash resistance welding. Approved procedures must be used for fusion welding, including pre and post-heating practice, because the alloy will air harden due to heat input from welding. Following welding it is essential to re-normalize or re-normalize and temper prior to the final hardening heat treatment.  
  
Heat Treatment  (热处理)  300M must be normalized at 1700 F before hardening. After the normalizing treatment the alloy is hardened by heating to 1600 F and oil quenching. Tempering is then done last.  

Forging(锻造性能)    No data. The alloy is forgeable - contact the supplier for details.  
  
Hot Working (热工性能)   No data. Heat input can cause this alloy to air harden. Contact the alloy supplier for information as to the advisability of hot working.  

Cold Working(冷工性能)    In the annealed or normalized condition the alloy has good ductility and can be readily cold worked by conventional methods.  
  
Annealing(退火)    Anneal at 1550 F and slow furnace cool at a rate of less than 50 F per hour down to 600 F. From there it may be air cooled.  

Aging  (时效)  Not applicable to this alloy.  
  
Tempering (淬火)  Temper at 600 F to give a nominal 300 ksi strength.  

  
Hardening    300M hardens from cold working and by heat treatment. See "Heat Treatment" and "Tempering".  

Other Comments    300M may be joined by Nicer brazing, copper brazing and silver brazing.